Intellectual Dishonesty: Sowing Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt

Curious about the origin of the materials used in unwarranted attacks on our school district? Some sound like recycled Department of Defense memos. But one caught my eye: In August of 2003, school district detractors actually cited references (like high school teachers expect to see in their students' research papers).

What is especially curious is the three same references cited by the KBA PAC also appeared in "The Impact of Elementary School Nurses on Student Attendance," The Journal of School Nursing, Volume 19, Number 4, August 2003, by Dr. Gay Allen.

KBA PAC, August, 2003 The Journal of School Nursing, August, 2003

It would take only a minimal effort by the School Districtís leadership to research this and similar sources of information available to them.

One example of a possible resource is Hadley, T. (1998), Measuring Public Sector Effectiveness Using Private Sector Methods; Public Productivity and Management Review, 21, 251-259. Also McLaughlin, M & Wand, S. (1995), Improving Education Through Standards-Based Reform, Stanford CA, National Academy of Education. Additionally, Hyman, D. (1999) Public Finance: A Contemporary Application of Theory and Policy, Fort Worth, TX, Harcourt Brace. If the School District would like other citations please let the KBA PAC know.

In the literature of public economics, it is recognized that applying the economic concept of allocative efficiency to evaluations of public agencies and programs is hampered because of the nature of the intended and actual outcomes of the production functions. First, the benefits are often highly intangible, so the quality and quantity are virtually impossible to ascertain. Second, because most public organizations and programs are intended to produce services that are not sold at prices, and moreover, because these services are not comparable to services produced and sold in private markets, it is virtually impossible to place monetary values on the outcomes (Hyman, 1999). ...

In recent years many politicians have been elected using education as their number-one policy issue. Whereas the public is demanding reform, it is also demanding more accountability, especially from its public schools (McLaughlin & Wand, 1995; Walters, 1998). ...

Effectiveness: Defined as comparing output or outcomes to expectations (Hedley, 1998). In other words, did the organization accomplish what it intended to accomplish?

Gay Allen holds a Doctorate in Public Administration and serves as School Health Programs Administrator for the Alabama State Department of Education in Montgomery, Alabama. Dr. Allen's use of the three references indicates a clear grasp of the challenges posed when ensuring efficiency of public services. In concluding his paper, Dr. Allen notes:

Finally, this study did not attempt to link the presence of a school nurse with any measures of student achievement. This linkage may well exist but was not investigated as part of this study.

Only rarely (e.g. in the case of school music programs) is linkage between resource allocation and student achievement established. Nonetheless, KBA PAC members and endorsed candidates repeatedly reference cost-effectiveness and cost/benefit, as if resource allocation in schools were as simple as buying a fuel-efficient automobile.

What is certain is good teachers are the best educational investment a district can make. Notably, the KBA PAC candidates have not received endorsement from the Beavercreek Education Association (representing Beavercreek teachers).

Curiouser and Curiouser...

One final point of note: Google searches show that only The Journal of School Nursing and the KBA PAC cite all three of these references. There are no Google hits for any two of these references without the third (as indicated by the Venn diagram, below). This suggests that the KBA PAC plagiarized references from the Dr. Allen's paper--further evidence of a bad-faith campaign of harassment waged against the school district.

Why would the KBA PAC conceal the source of their putative expertise (unless the concealed source supported the position of the school district!)?

The curious coincidence of Google hits with KBA PAC references found in The Journal of School Nursing: Of the hundreds of citations from these three references, they appear either singly or all together—never in pairs.
What did the KBA PAC know, and when did they know it?